Integrating wheat genomics
Michael Bevan (JIC)
Understanding how the genetic make-up (the genome) of an organism gives rise to its appearance and performance (the phenotype) is centrally important in biology. Such understanding can, for example, help researchers predict the performance of crops in the field based on their genotypes. The image illustrates links between the genome and phenotype by overlaying a portion of the chromosomal sequence of wheat (to which JIC contributed) and plots of wheat with different genotypes grown at JIC’s experimental farm. JIC and TGAC scientists are working, together with colleagues elsewhere in the UK, to improve the genome sequence and to develop ways of measuring crop performance quantitatively. These data sets can be integrated to map genetic variation underlying key traits, including adaptation to the environment.